Monday, January 24, 2011

World Most Scariest Volcanoes Ever

1. The Tambora volcano

The volcano is located in Sumbawa, Indonesia with a summit elevation of 2850 m. It is a stratovolcano.
More than 92 000 people had been killed as a direct impact of the historic Tambora eruption occurred in 1815. Pyroclastic flows had taken ten thousand lives immediately. Another around 117,000 deaths were reported in the post-eruption period owing to starvation and diseases. Around 100 cubic km of magma was released during the deadly eruption and a tsunami with a wave height of 10 m was reported. The year 1816 is known as the year without a summer as the Tambora aerosols had affected the global climate severely by blocking out sunlight and thereby reducing the global temperature considerably. The Tambora eruption of 1815 is considered as the deadliest volcanic explosions known. After starting on April 5, 1815, the eruption reached its peak on April 10, 1815. Severe darkness was observed for 2 days around the volcano covering about 600 km.

2. The Krakatau volcano

The volcano is located in Sunda Strait, Indonesia with a summit elevation of 813 m.
It was August of 1883, when a series of deadly explosions was heard from the Krakatau volcano. The devastating explosions were so intensive that they were experienced even from a distance of nearly 2,000 km! More than 4,600 people were died immediately facing the extremely hot pyroclastic flow. Additionally, about 32,000 people lost their lives hit by a tsunami resulted out of the lethal Krakatau eruptions. On August 26, 1883, the deadly volcanic eruption had created an ash column of a height of 36 km. Main island consisting of about 165 villages were completely destroyed during the devastating 1883 Krakatau volcanic eruption.

3. The Mount Pelee eruption

Mount Pelée can be seen located in the Lesser Antilles island arc of the Caribbean. It is a stratovolcano with an elevation of 4583 feet and is famous for the massive destruction it caused in the first week of May, 1902. The 1902 Mount Pelee volcanic eruption is marked as the worst volcanic catastrophe of the last century. Lethal pyroclastic flows of the in-famous eruption took the lives of more than 30,100 people severely destroying the Saint-Pierre, Martinique.

4. The Nevado del Ruiz volcanic eruption

The Nevado del Ruiz, alias El Mesa de Herveo, is a stratovolcano that has an elevation of 17,388 ft and is located in the Tolima Department of Colombia. On the ill-fated night of November 13, 1985, the Nevado del Ruiz volcano eruption had caused about 23,000 people to lost their lives. During the eruption, devastating pyroclastic flows carrying boiling mudflows had completely inundated Armero, thereby causing massive destruction to the sleeping Columbian town. Chinchina is the other town that was largely gutted by the eruption.

5. The Unzen volcanic eruption

The Unzen stratovolcano is sited on the Kyushu island, Japan. It had erupted in 1792 killing about 9,500 people by its hot pyroclastic flows. The eruption had triggered a devastating tsunami that caused another 5,500 people to die taking the total toll to nearly 15,000.

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